Kidney Disease Definition Symptoms Treatment



The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs. Each kidney is roughly the size of a fist. The role of the kidneys is to filter extra water and wastes out of your blood and create urine. Kidney disease means that your kidneys are damaged and cannot filter blood the way that they are designed to. 

Individuals who have diabetes or high blood pressure are at an increased risk of developing kidney disease. A person afflicted with kidney disease can experience kidney failure. Other kidney problems include acute kidney injury, kidney cysts, kidney stones, and kidney infections. 



Some individuals may not experience symptoms. For those who do,  

  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Fatigue and weakness 
  • Sleep problems 
  • Changes in how much you urinate 
  • Foam in urine  
  • Blood in urine  
  • Decreased mental sharpness 
  • Muscle twitches and cramps 
  • Swelling of feet and ankles 
  • Persistent itching 
  • Chest pain, if fluid builds up around the lining of the heart 
  • Shortness of breath, if fluid builds up in the lungs 
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) that’s difficult to control 



Treatment of kidney disease varies depending on the severity of the disease. Treatments include :  

  • Going on a low protein diet  
  • Prescription medication 
  • Seeing a specialist 
  • Kidney transplant 
  • Peritoneal dialysis  
  • Dialysis  
  • Hemofiltration